In 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. Chancellor was not an elected position. Hitler was appointed by President Hindenburg, a political opponent who thought that he could calm and control Hitler. Hindenburg was incorrect.
Within weeks of taking office, Adolf Hitler was altering German life. Within a year, Joseph Goebbels, one of his top aides, could boast: "The revolution that we have made is a total revolution. It encompasses every aspect of public life from the bottom up… We have replaced individuality with collective racial consciousness and the individual with the community…"-- from Facing History
In fact, about a year and a half later, President Hindenburg, who was elderly, died. After the President's death, Hitler combined the offices of President and Chancellor -- named himself the Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor, the Head of State, and the Chief of Armed Forces -- and took total control of Germany.
Reflect -- In your journal, respond to this quote by answering the following questions:
Click the "Play" button to watch a video about Hitler and the Nazi Party taking power in 1933.
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In your journal, make a list of questions you're beginning to have about Nazi Germany and WWII.