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Medieval Pathfinder: Reference Materials

A collection of sources selected to help students as they research various aspects of the Middle Ages.

About Reference

Reference materials are a great way to get an overview of your topic. They do not generally circulate outside of the library, but you can make copies of important content. 
Reference materials include:

  • dictionaries
  • encyclopedias
  • directories
  • biographical sources
  • geographical sources
  • ready reference materials

When using these sources, start with the index (often in the last volume if the material is a multi-volume set). You can also try the table of contents or the appropriate volume for your subject's name if the resource is arranged alphabetically.

E-books

Don't forget reference books online!

Oxford Reference Online

Salem History

History Reference Center

Search Destiny for Reference

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Featured Medieval References

Medieval Life

Medieval Village Church

"In Medieval England, peasants lived in cruck houses. These were filthy, usually no more than two rooms, with a wooden frame covered with wattle and daub (a mixture of mud, straw and manure). No cruck houses exist now - most simply collapsed after a while as they were so poorly built. However, there are many Medieval churches around. The way they were built and have lasted for centuries, is an indication of how well they were built. . . ."  History Learning Site